Complete Guide for Hardwood Floor Installation

Hardwood installation is an extremely technical process whether you are renovating or building a new home. However, it’s an essential step to achieving a specific aesthetic and functionality in your space. Throughout this article, we highlight guidelines to assist in making this leap of improving your space. 

Species suitable for Ground Floor and Upper Floor

There are many ranges of beautiful and durable species to consider when installing your hardwood flooring. The reason for this being the differing functionality of woods, particularly durability, and the ability to withstand water. Failure to find the right fit will end up in constant costly repairs and renovations. 

For the ground floor, the best lumber to consider are species such as Greenheart (which can last for almost thirty years!) and Ipe (a resounding fifty years).  However, choices for the upper floor are much more versatile. You can utilise an extensive range of woods such as Wamara and Jatoba; more variety can be found here.

Suitable Size of the Planks for the Space Receiving Hardwood Flooring

The consideration of planks in flooring focuses on size – the narrower the better. This is seen as essential due to the stability provided by narrower planks. 

Major contributors would be the nature of wood, the movement it causes, and susceptibility to humidity. For more narrow spaces 1 x 4 is recommended because of stability as well as the illusion of ‘more space’. Whereas 1×6 is recommended for larger spaces such as great rooms or family rooms.  

Types of Installation Method

There are three types of installation methods available at Floor It Guyana – choosing one method depends on the individual needs and styles. 

  1. Nail Down: This is done over the nail joist or exiting floor or subfloor.
  2. Glue Down: This can be done over a concrete subfloor, hardwood, or tile. 
  3. Nail Assist: The most recommended method is a combination of the above-explained methods. The nail assist method promotes the dependability and longevity of the hardwood flooring. 

Installation Patterns

Three types of wood patterns for flooring are parquet, herringbone, and random. These patterns all have their unique boons. 

  1. Parquet: This type of pattern exists in thousands of exquisite patterns. This can be done by layering planks in a repeated geometric pattern, the variety of possible patterns is almost infinite. 
  2. Random Mix: This is a more rustic look generated from a mixture of boards of differing widths. This gives a more customized look to the flooring. 
  3. Herringbone: In contrast, this is a classier and polished look. This pattern resembles twilled fabric, laid in a traditional pattern or in square modules. 

Colour Tones 

Color tones allow individuals to be expressive. They can create a warm and cozy ambiance, add fun flair, or create a classic look in their home with the color tones they choose. Tones depend on the interior color scheme, architecture, or ambiance you are creating in your home. Some popular color tones are Pure, Neo-modern and Walnut, just to name a few. Pure offers a classical or more natural finishing. Now-modern offers a darker finish and reflects a modern and upscale look, while walnut brings out the detail of each board and offers a warm and cozy ambiance.  These are all style options that are taken into consideration when creating the colour tone suitable for the palette of the client. 

Subfloor Preparation

Perhaps the most important part of the flooring, sub-floor preparation is what ensures that the flooring is done properly. 

  1. Ensure the floor is flat, that is, there are no bumps or other rough patches. This is to ensure the planks fit properly without worrying about shifting or bending, which decreases the longevity of the flooring. 
  2. The floor should also be levelled – as it is very possible for a floor to be flat but not level. If the subfloor is not levelled it will cause issues for the hardwood floor that sits above it. An entire foundation wall or footing may end up in bad condition. 
  3. Moisture retention preparation is a necessity; particularly for ground flooring. This can be caused by dew from air conditioning or dangers from natural moisture. Failure to do so can be costly to customers in the long run. 

For your best bet at quality service in hardwood flooring manufacturing (as well as a plethora of other services- doors, kitchen cabinets, closets, sanding and polishing.), Floor It is the ideal one-stop shop. Feel free to contact us at or message us on any social platform @flooritgy to begin your journey to value and quality.